Diagnosis - Pediatric Orthopedics

Tracheomalacia

Tracheomalacia is a medical indication characterized by flaccidity of the tracheal support cartilage. This can lead to tracheal collapse specifically when increased airflow is necessary. The trachea normally dilates slightly during inspiration and narrows slightly during expiration. These processes are excessively in tracheomalacia, resulting in airway collapse on expiration. Usual symptom of tracheomalacia is expiratory stridor or laryngeal crow. If the medical condition goes further to the bronchi (if there is also bronchomalacia), it is named tracheobronchomalacia. The same condition can also affect the larynx. This is then called laryngomalacia.

Torn meniscus

The menisci are C-shaped pieces of cartilage in the knees.  Two menisci are present in each knee joint - one on the inner, the other on the outer side of the knee - and they function to absorb impact in the knees and distribute pressure evenly over the joint.  A torn meniscus is a painful injury that may be incurred by twisting the knee while it bears the body’s full weight, for instance during sporting activities.  In older patients, a torn meniscus may arise as a result of degenerative changes to the cartilage of the knees.  While some cases of torn meniscus heal by themselves with rest, in more serious tears, surgery may be required.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

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Trauma to spinal column

Trauma to the spinal column can result in symptoms of varying severity, depending on the extent and location of injury.  Paralysis, pain or disturbed motor function and/or sensitivity may arise from trauma to the spinal column, along with numerous functional disorders.  Due to the highly important structures within the spinal column (spinal cord and nerves – for more information, see spinal column degeneration), it is essential that these structures are not pressed upon as a consequence of trauma to the spinal column.  Furthermore, the vertebrae that compose the spinal column must be stabilised and relieved of unnecessary burden if they have become damaged.  Operative techniques for the treatment of trauma to the spinal column are varied depending on the nature of the injury.           

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital