Diagnosis - Orthopedics

Growth plate fracture

Growth plates are situated at each end of a child’s bones and are the locations of bone growth. They are very soft and labile so even minor injuries may result in a growth plate fracture. Growth plate fractures must be treated immediately in order to ensure that the further growth of the bone takes place correctly.  An untreated growth plate fracture may result in the fractured bone developing crookedly or ending up shorter than the other limb. However with the appropriate treatment, growth plate fractures usually heal correctly without further complications.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

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  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

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Hammer toe / mallet toe

Hammer toe refers to a deformity of the second, third or fourth toe in the middle joint. This deformity is a permanent bend at the middle joint and causes the toe to resemble a hammer. While mallet toe is similar, it affects the end joint of the toe, rather than the middle joint. Hammer toe and mallet toe are usually caused by the wearing of unsuitable shoes, for instance shoes that are too small or heels that are too high. This can cause the toes to be shoved up against the front of the shoe and bent over in order to make up for the restricted space, leading to a claw or hammer-like appearance of the toes. Hammer toe and mallet toe can be painful and treatment can involve a change in footwear and the use of shoe inserts. In more severe cases of hammer toe or mallet toe, surgery may be required.

Hip arthrosis (coxarthrosis, hip joint arthritis)

The term ‘arthrosis’ refers to degeneration of the joints of the body (see also ‘Osteoarthritis’).  This involves the cartilage (and possibly underlying bone) of the joint being worn away over time which may result in joint pain, tenderness and stiffness and which can drastically reduce a person’s quality of life.  Hip arthrosis (or coxarthrosis) can arise as a result of injury, illness or general ‘wear and tear’ and generally affects people above 50 years of age.  Being overweight also tends to both increase the risk of developing hip arthrosis and exacerbate the symptoms of existing hip arthrosis.  Therefore, one of the first measures in treatment is to encourage weight loss.  Other conservative treatments of hip arthrosis involve physical therapy and the use of walking aids.  Anti-inflammatory medications can also help to reduce the pain and inflammation caused by hip arthrosis.  In advanced cases, when the above options are no longer effective in treating hip arthrosis, hip replacement surgery may be necessary.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital

Hip fracture

Hip fractures are serious injuries that occur most commonly in people of advanced age.  With age, bones become less dense as a result of mineral loss.  These weakened bones are then more susceptible to fracture.  Hip fractures occur more frequently in women than in men as the rate of loss of bone density is higher for women.  There can be life-threatening complications of hip fractures, especially in older patients.  Fortunately surgical correction of hip fracture is usually successful although plenty of time is required for recovery.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital

Hip labral tear

A hip labral tear occurs when the ring of cartilage (labrum) that lines the rim of the hip joint’s socket becomes injured.  Hip labral tears often occur in active individuals, such as football and hockey players, although structural abnormalities or degeneration in the hip can also result in hip labral tears.  Hip or groin pain and limited mobility in the hip are the most common signs of a hip labral tear, however many people also experience a feeling of something ‘catching’ or ‘clicking’ in their hip joint.  Initial treatment of a hip labral tear usually involves physical therapy to improve hip strength and stability and/or medication to reduce pain and inflammation.  In more serious cases, hip arthroscopy may also be necessary.  Hip arthroscopy involves the insertion of a small camera and surgical tools into the hip area through small incisions in the skin.  The damaged portion of the the labrum may then either be shaved off and removed or - if the damage is more extensive - repaired by sewing together the edges of the hip labral tear.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital

Knee arthrosis (arthritis of the knee joint)

Knee arthrosis refers to degeneration within the joint of the knee, whereby the cartilage (and possibly also underlying bone) of the knee joint have been worn away over time.  Knee arthrosis is a common condition usually affecting people older than 50 and particularly  those who are overweight.  While knee arthrosis often arises from years of ‘wear and tear’, it can also result from former injuries to the knee.  Symptoms of knee arthrosis usually include pain, tenderness, limited mobility or stiffness in the knee and knee swelling.  The knee joint may even become deformed over time, resulting in so-called ‘bow legs’ or ‘knock knees’ in people with knee arthrosis.  Treatment of knee arthrosis usually begins conservatively, with patients first encouraged to lose weight (if relevant) to take strain off the knee.  Medication, physical therapy and walking aids are also employed to relieve pain and inflammation, strengthen the knee and lower the load placed on the knee.  In more serious cases of knee arthrosis, knee replacement surgery may be required.  Knee replacement surgery involves either the entire or partial replacement of the knee joint with a prosthesis.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital

Knee bursitis

Knee bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa of the knee joint.  A bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac found at joints of the body which functions to reduce friction and absorb pressure between moving components of joints.  Although there are many bursae in the knee joints, most commonly, knee bursitis occurs in bursae over the kneecap or on the inside of the knee, just below the joint.  Knee bursitis can be painful and limit mobility.  Treatment often involves reducing inflammation and pain along with various self-care measures. 

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital

Kyphosis

Kyphosis, also referred to as hunchback, is a forward curvature of the upper spine.  While this type of curvature is normal, kyphosis refers to an exaggerated degree of curvature.  There are several possible causes of kyphosis including arthritis in the spine, osteoporosis or developmental problems.  Kyphosis can occur in people of all ages and does not cause many problems in milder cases.  However, if the forward curvature is extreme, kyphosis can affect the lungs, nerves and surrounding organs and cause pain and other complications.  The treatment for kyphosis depends on its cause.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Zehlendorf

    With 554 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Zehlendorf is the largest hospital in the south west of Berlin. Its medical focus is on, orthopedics, pediatric surgery and pneumology, pneumology, plastic surgery, thoracic surgery, general and visceral surgery.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital