Diagnosis - Neurosurgery

Peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome

Peripheral nerve entrapment syndrome refers to a condition whereby nerves are compressed, most commonly when passing through confined, anatomical ‘tunnel’ regions. Symptoms of peripheral nerve compression syndrome may include pain, loss of function and/or reduced or disturbed sensitivity in the affected region.  Typical locations of peripheral nerve compression syndrome are in the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome) and in the elbow (cubital tunnel syndrome) although compression can occur at numerous other locations. Conservative therapy for peripheral nerve compression syndrome may be sufficient in some cases and can include behavioural/lifestyle changes, physiotherapeutic exercises or injection of certain medications to reduce inflammation at the affected region. If conservative therapy is not effective, operative therapy may be required. The aim here is to reduce the compression around the nerve with surgery. 

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

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  • HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    With 1,240 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Erfurt is the largest hospital in the region, and in charge of providing medical care to the inhabitants of Erfurt and beyond.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    The HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal is a maximum care hospital. With around 1,000 beds, it is the largest hospital in the Bergisch-Land area. Its 26 clinical departments provide almost the entire range of medical services.

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Pinched nerve

A pinched nerve occurs when a nerve is pressed on from the surrounding tissues.  These tissues may include muscles, bones or tendons.  This can result in an impaired function of the affected nerve and may cause numbness, weakness, tingling or pain.  While a pinched nerve can occur anywhere in the body, certain areas are more prone than others, for instance the lower spine (following a slipped disc) or in the wrist (carpal tunnel syndrome).  The symptoms of a pinched nerve may clear up with rest and conservative treatments.  However, if the pain and symptoms of a pinched nerve persist, treatment in the form of medication (to relieve pain), physical therapy or surgery (to relieve pressure placed on the nerve) may be required.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    With 1,240 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Erfurt is the largest hospital in the region, and in charge of providing medical care to the inhabitants of Erfurt and beyond.

    Show Hospital

Pituitary tumor

Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the pituitary gland, a pea-sized, hormone-secreting gland situated at the base of the brain and behind the nose.  Pituitary tumors may go undetected and not show any symptoms.  However, pituitary tumors may also disrupt normal hormone secretion from the pituitary gland.  This disruption to normal hormone levels may then lead numerous other conditions.  Some possible symptoms of a pituitary tumour are persistent headaches, visual disturbances, nausea, changes in appearance and problems concentrating.  Pituitary tumors are most commonly noncancerous, which means that they do not spread to other parts of the body.  Pituitary tumors may be treated in a number of ways including surgery, radiation therapy or with medications. 

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    With 1,240 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Erfurt is the largest hospital in the region, and in charge of providing medical care to the inhabitants of Erfurt and beyond.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Schwerin

    HELIOS Hospital Schwerin

    The HELIOS Hospital Schwerin has 23 medical departments, a well known psychiatric clinic and possesses of 1,406 beds in total.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    The HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal is a maximum care hospital. With around 1,000 beds, it is the largest hospital in the Bergisch-Land area. Its 26 clinical departments provide almost the entire range of medical services.

    Show Hospital

Pseudoclaudication

Pseudoclaudication refers to pain or cramping in the legs and is often due to spinal canal narrowing (spinal stenosis) but may also be caused by neurologic or orthopaedic disorders.  Typically, the pain of pseudoclaudication is experienced in the buttocks, legs and feet when walking or standing and may be accompanied by weakness or numbness in the affected area.  Pseudoclaudication is treated by targeting the underlying condition (eg spinal stenosis, diabetic neuropathy, arthritis).

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    With 1,240 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Erfurt is the largest hospital in the region, and in charge of providing medical care to the inhabitants of Erfurt and beyond.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    The HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal is a maximum care hospital. With around 1,000 beds, it is the largest hospital in the Bergisch-Land area. Its 26 clinical departments provide almost the entire range of medical services.

    Show Hospital

Pseudotumor cerebri

Pseudotumor cerebri is a condition caused by increased pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressur). Often a clear cause for this increase in pressure is not identifiable. The symptoms of pseudotumor cerebri include headaches, nausea, vomiting and pulsating sounds inside the head. While these symptoms are similar to those found in cases of brain tumor, in pseudotumor cerebri no tumor is present as the underlying cause (pseudotumor cerebri literally translates to “false brain tumor”). Most commonly, pseudotumor cerebri affects obese women 20-50 years of age. The most serious complication of pseudotumor cerebri is a loss of vision caused by increased pressure upon the optic nerve. Weight loss and medications are often the preferred method of treatment. In some cases of pseudotumor cerebri, surgery may also be necessary.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    With 1,240 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Erfurt is the largest hospital in the region, and in charge of providing medical care to the inhabitants of Erfurt and beyond.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Schwerin

    HELIOS Hospital Schwerin

    The HELIOS Hospital Schwerin has 23 medical departments, a well known psychiatric clinic and possesses of 1,406 beds in total.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    The HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal is a maximum care hospital. With around 1,000 beds, it is the largest hospital in the Bergisch-Land area. Its 26 clinical departments provide almost the entire range of medical services.

    Show Hospital

Spinal column degeneration

The spine is composed of a column of bones, each also known as a ‘vertebra’. The vertebrae are situated one on top of the other from the base of the skull down to the lower back. Each vertebra has a hole in its centre and these holes line up to form a bony, tunnel-like structure which serves to protect the spinal cord, an extension of the brain that transmits information to and from the rest of the body.  Nerves enter and exit the spinal cord at each junction between two vertebrae through a hole called the intervertebral foramen. These nerves may be responsible for movement or feeling in certain body parts, or may relay information from the body back to the brain. Unfortunately, over time, wear and tear may occur within different areas of the spinal column, resulting in degenerative changes.  While these changes are common in many older people and in mild cases do not display any symptoms, in more severe cases people may experience lower back pain and stiffness. Furthermore, spinal column degeneration may result in a curvature or shortening of the spine or bone thickening at certain areas. This thickening of bone may cause the holes which the spinal cord and nerves pass through to become narrower, thereby ‘pinching’ or compressing the nerves/spinal cord.  This can result in weakness, pins and needles or numbness in the affected area. Depending on the extent and location of spinal column degeneration, different therapies are available. For milder cases of spinal column degeneration, conservative therapies (eg. lifestyle changes, physiotherapy, and aquatic therapy) may be effective. For more severe cases, operative therapy may be required to stabilise the spinal column or relieve burden placed on it. When nerves or spinal cord are being compressed or pinched, surgery can remove part of the surrounding bone structure to give them more room to pass through.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    HELIOS Hospital Erfurt

    With 1,240 beds, the HELIOS Hospital Erfurt is the largest hospital in the region, and in charge of providing medical care to the inhabitants of Erfurt and beyond.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal

    The HELIOS Hospital Wuppertal is a maximum care hospital. With around 1,000 beds, it is the largest hospital in the Bergisch-Land area. Its 26 clinical departments provide almost the entire range of medical services.

    Show Hospital