Diagnosis - Dermatology

Psoriasis

Psoriasis refers to a group of chronic inflammatory skin disorders characterised by sharply-defined red plaques on the skin which are often covered in silver, flaking, scales of skin.  A genetic predisposition is thought to be responsible for the development of psoriasis, which can arise in people of any age and may be triggered by infection, medication, environmental factors or damage to the skin.  In people with psoriasis, skin cells may reproduce and grow up to 20 times faster than normal, however they lack proper development and thus the barrier function of the skin is disturbed.  In addition, the affected skin area becomes inflamed and red and may be painful or highly itchy.  Psoriasis is sometimes restricted to a relatively small skin area but in extreme cases it may affect the entire body.  In most cases, psoriasis often fluctuates between partial remission and recurring outbreaks with a variable amount of time in between.  Psoriasis therapy generally involves reducing the excess flaky skin and skin cell proliferation, inhibiting the inflammatory reaction and avoiding any factors that might trigger outbreaks.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Aue

    HELIOS Hospital Aue

    The HELIOS Hospital Aue is teaching hospital of the University of Dresden and one of the largest hospitals in the region. Annually approximately 55.000 patients are treated in various medical departments among which neurology, sports medicine and dermatology are providing medical treatment on the highest level.

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  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

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Skin cancer (melanoma)

Although it is possible for tumours to arise from several different types of skin cells, those that develop from so-called melanocytes (the pigment-producing cells of the skin) are by far the most deadly kind of skin tumour and are referred to as melanomas.  Melanomas are a very aggressive type of cancer that grow quickly and can invade other areas of the body within a short period of time.  In most cases of melanoma, excessive exposure to UV light causes the melanocyte to change into a cancerous cell.  Therefore protection from excessive sunlight through appropriate clothing and behaviour is an important factor in preventing melanoma.  Another key to preventing melanoma is self-observation and regular screening, whereby any moles that change their shape, size or are heterogeneous in colour are regarded as suspicious.  The most success in melanoma treatment is attained through early detection and surgery to remove the cancerous cells in early stages of growth.  Treatment may also include chemotherapy, immunotherapy or radiation therapy, however its effectiveness depends largely on the extent of growth and whether the melanoma has already spread.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Aue

    HELIOS Hospital Aue

    The HELIOS Hospital Aue is teaching hospital of the University of Dresden and one of the largest hospitals in the region. Annually approximately 55.000 patients are treated in various medical departments among which neurology, sports medicine and dermatology are providing medical treatment on the highest level.

    Show Hospital

  • HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    HELIOS Hospital Krefeld-Duesseldorf

    Krefeld is located close to Duesseldorf and its international airport, which is one of the largest in Germany. The HELIOS Hospital Krefeld has a long history that reaches back to 1845. Since this time the hospital is known for medical care on the highest level.

    Show Hospital