Diagnosis - Cardiovascular surgery

Mitral valve prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse is a condition whereby the valve situated between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart (the mitral valve) does not close correctly. During the contraction of the lower chamber, the valve then bulges out from its normal position (prolapse) back up into the chamber above instead of sealing the passage between the chambers. Because of this impaired sealing associated with mitral valve prolapse; blood can then leak back into the upper chamber, instead of being pumped outwards into the body’s circulation. This condition is referred to as mitral valve regurgitation. Often, mitral valve prolapse does not require treatment. However, in some cases, medication or lifestyle changes may be required. In severe cases of mitral valve prolapse, surgery may also be necessary.

Mitral valve stenosis

Mitral valve stenosis refers to a condition where the valve between the hearts’s upper and lower left chambers (the mitral valve) is narrowed. This impairs the flow of blood through the heart and thus also the output of blood from the heart to the body. Symptoms of mitral valve stenosis include but are not limited to shortness of breath, fatigue and a rapid beating of the heart (palpitations). The cause of mitral valve stenosis is most often scarring that has remained from a childhood rheumatic fever infection. Other infections and birth defects have also been associated with mitral valve stenosis. If left untreated, mitral valve stenosis may cause serious complications in the heart. However, therapy for mitral valve stenosis is available and may include surgery or valvuloplasty, a procedure where the valve is widened with the use of a small balloon.

Mitral valve stenosis

Mitral valve stenosis or mitral stenosis is a state in which the mitral valve is constricted. This narrowing hinders the valve from opening correctly, disabling the blood flow through the heart and also away from the heart in the body. Some symptoms for a mitral valve stenosis are tiredness, shortness of breath and several other indicators. Mitral valve stenosis can be treated no matter what age. Not paying regards to a mitral valve stenosis can result in serious heart problems.