Diagnosis - Cardiac MRI

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)

Patent ductus arteriosus refers to an opening that persists between two major blood vessels that leave the heart. Patent ductus arteriosus is a congenital defect, which means that it is present at birth. In many cases of patent ductus arteriosus, the opening closes by itself. However, in some cases treatment may be necessary. While a small patent ductus arteriosus may not cause any symptoms, in more serious cases symptoms may arise including reduced weight gain in infants and shortness of breath and heart rhythm disturbances with increased age. Treatment is often successful and may involve surgery or medications to close the patent ductus arteriosus.

Pericardial effusion (fluid around the heart)

Pericardial effusion refers to an accumulation of fluid around the heart. The heart is enclosed inside a sac-like double membrane called the pericardium. Between the two layers of this sac there is normally a small amount of thin fluid. In pericardial effusion this amount of fluid is increased. This places increased pressure on the heart and can impair cardiac function. There are many possible causes of pericardial effusion including disease, injury or accumulation of blood following surgery. Treatment of pericardial effusion depends both on the underlying cause and the degree of accumulated fluid.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

Premature ventricular contractions/extrasystole/ectopic heartbeats

Premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) are very common and originate in the heart’s ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart. Premature ventricular contractions are extra beats of the heart that disrupt the regular heartbeat. This may be felt in the chest as a missed beat. Generally premature ventricular contractions are not considered a cause for concern in people who are otherwise healthy or where the premature ventricular contraction is only occasional. In people with other heart problems or if the premature ventricular contractions are frequent, treatment may be necessary.

Pulmonary edema (oedema)

Pulmonary edema is a condition whereby excess fluid accumulates in the lungs, making it then difficult to breathe properly. Generally, pulmonary edema is caused by heart problems but other causes include pneumonia and certain medications or toxins. In acute cases of pulmonary edema, immediate medical attention is required. Prompt treatment of both the pulmonary edema and the underlying complaint are tantamount to successful treatment of pulmonary edema, an illness which can otherwise be fatal.

Sarcoidosis

Sarcoidosis is the most frequent type of interstitial lung disease. Sarcoidosis attacks the whole body, focusing on the lungs, eyes, skin and organs. It is characterized by inflamed, microscopic growths called granulomas, most often found in the lungs. Sarcoidosis can cause redness in the eyes, shortness of breath, bumps on the skin, fatigue, fever and general pain caused by contact to light.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital

Small vessel disease

Small vessel disease, or coronary microvascular disease, is a disease of the small arteries of the heart. These arteries become narrowed which can result in symptoms typical of heart disease, such as chest pain (angina pectoris), particularly during strenuous activity. Typical risk factors of small vessel disease are smoking, high cholesterol and diabetes. Although small vessel disease can be difficult to detect, it is often discovered incidentally during an examination of the heart’s blood vessels. Treatment of small vessel disease can involve medications and/or lifestyle changes to reduce the risk factors.

Experts

Hospitals

  • HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    HELIOS Hospital Berlin Buch

    The new HELIOS Hospital in Berlin-Buch, one of the largest new hospital complexes in Europe was opened in July 2007. With 1.100 hospital beds and 26 medical departments the new campusis state-of-the-art, maximum care hospital that provides the highest levels of medical care and comfort.

    Show Hospital