Diagnosis - Cardiac MRI

Heart attack

‘Heart attack’ refers to a condition triggered by the blocking of a blood vessel that delivers blood to a part of the heart. This often occurs when a blot clot becomes lodged at a narrow passage of the blood vessel. The resulting interruption of blood flow to the heart muscle can result in damage or even destruction of a portion of the heart. In the past, heart attacks were often fatal however these days many people who have suffered a heart attack survive, given an increased public awareness of typical signs of heart attack and an improvement in treatment. Having a healthy lifestyle (balanced diet, regular exercise) lower the chances of suffering a heart attack in the first place. These same factors and effective stress management also improve the recovery from a heart attack.

Heart disease

The term ‘heart disease’ refers to a number of conditions that affect the heart or blood vessels in some way. Most commonly, heart disease refers to cardiovascular disease, the narrowing of blood vessels that can result in stroke, heart attack or chest pain (angina pectoris). Problems concerning heart rhythm, structural defects of the heart that one is born with or various other conditions that affect the heart’s muscle or valves may also be referred to as a kind of heart disease. Heart disease as a whole is currently the most common cause of death worldwide. However, many types of heart disease can be both prevented and treated with a balanced diet, regular exercise and healthy lifestyle choices.

Heart failure/congestive heart failure (CHF)

Heart failure or congestive heart failure (CHF) is a term indicating that the heart is no longer able to pump sufficient blood to the rest of the body. Heart failure can arise over time as a result of conditions like coronary artery disease or high blood pressure, which place extra strain on the heart muscle, eventually impairing its function. Although heart failure is irreversible, it can be treated well with a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. Typical lifestyle changes are increased exercise, reduced salt in the diet, effective stress management and weight loss. The most effective way to prevent heart failure from occurring in the first place is to reduce risk factors and treat underlying conditions that contribute to its development, such as high cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure and coronary artery disease.